Thomas Bergen’s spoke on “Spiritual Warfare for Mennonites III: The Powers and Principalities in Paul’s Epistles”. The last sermon in this 3-part series concluded his exploration of the paradox of violent language to describe a non-violent kingdom. The early church understood Christ’s death and resurrection as acts of a spiritual conqueror, frequently referring to Psalm 110 about how God will make Jesus’ enemies his footstool. The Bible’s ambiguous vocabulary for powers & principalities highlights the dualities of the personal & structural, negative & positive, and earthly & heavenly. As Mennonites, do the organizational structures and institutions that we support sufficiently contribute to the Kingdom of God? What are we in the church doing to make known the wisdom of God to the rulers and authorities (Ephesians 3:10)?